Durban Review Conference – Adozione del Documento Conclusivo
Yuri Boychenko, il diplomatico russo che ha guidato il processo di negoziazione durante la stesura del Documento Conclusivo, ha svolto un ruolo fondamentale: grazie a un aiuto attivo dato in particolare dalle delegazioni di Belgio, Egitto e Norvegia, infatti, e’ riuscito a guidare il difficile processo negoziale verso un risultato decisamente soddisfacente. La positivita’ del testo si nota anche dal consensus che esso ha ricevuto nella votazione, cosa che senza ombra di dubbio mette a tacere le notizie di fallimento che hanno quasi sempre accompagnato sia il processo vero e proprio, sia la Conferenza appena conclusasi. Vi sono, infatti, diversi elementi positivi da mettere in risalto:
- l’impegno politico volto a incrementare la Dichiarazione di Durban e il suo Piano d’Azione e’ stato rafforzato;
- il testo mette in evidenza le numerose sofferenze patite da diversi gruppi a causa di intolleranze discriminatorie;
- vi sono presenti numerose buone prassi da adottare con la finalita’ di porre fine ai comportamenti discriminatori;
- si riafferma il ruolo fondamentale della liberta’ di espressione nella lotta la razzismo;
- si da avvio a un processo che vuole esaminare i progressi compiuti dagli Stati nel campo della lotta all’incitamento all’odio razziale.
On the 21th of April, the anti-racism Durban Review Conference adopted its final Outcome Document by consensus. The High Commissioner for Human Rights warmly welcomed the latest development and called upon the International Community to continue the fight against all form of racism. The Outcome Document highlights the increased suffering, since 2001, of many different groups of victims of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and similar form of intolerance. It identifies shares and disseminates some best practices in the fight against racism. As the High Commissioner pointed out, the Outcome Document “unequivocally reaffirms the positive role of freedom of expression in the fight against racism, while also deploring derogatory stereotyping and stigmatization of people based on their religion or belief”. It launches a process that will examine how the prohibition of incitement to hatred, as reflected in the Article 20 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, has been implemented in various part of the world. Navi Pillay shared her will with the Hall saying that she hopes that those who decided to stay away from the Conference will join the International Community again soon in the fight against these scourges.
A pleasant surprise of the Conference was mr. Yuri Boychenko, the Russian diplomat who claired the negotiations process in drafting the Outcome Document. His role was fundamental to allow a successful achievement of the final Outcome Document and he deserved a lot of credit for the way the text has evolved. A relevant role was played by Belgium, Egypt and Norway, which have helped to manage the process, and other Governments that have rallied and supported their efforts. After two days of High Level Segment the Outcome Document of the Durban Review Conference was adopted, as above mentioned, by consensus. This adoption by consensus has been the right answer to the disinformation and misinformation that had raged throughout the Preparatory Process. Among the most valuable additional elements contained in this Outcome Document were:
- it reinvigorated the political commitment to the implementation of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action;
- it highlited the increased suffering, since 2001, of many different sorts of victims of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and similar form of intolerances;
- it identified, shared and disseminated some best practices in the fight against racism;
- it unequivocally reaffirmed the positive role of freedom of expression in the fight against racism, while also deploring derogatory stereotyping and stigmatization of people based on their religion or belief;
- it launched a process that will examine how the prohibition of incitement to hatred, as reflected in Article 20 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as been implemented in various part of the world.